Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. Ajouter une vidéo. Read 4 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Daadbeh, Asghar and Melvin-Koushki, Matthew, “ʿAṭṭār Nīsābūrī”, in: Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār, in Encyclopædia Britannica, online edition - accessed December 2012. Attar met Rumi at the end of his life when Rumi was only a boy and gave his book Asrarnameh (The Book of secrets) as a present to him. These valleys are as follows:, Sholeh Wolpé writes, "When the birds hear the description of these valleys, they bow their heads in distress; some even die of fright right then and there. While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. Fifty Poems of Attar book. Attar’s most famous poem by far is his Conference of the Birds(Mantiq al-tayr). PDF. Loading Preview Download pdf × Close Log In. In terms of form and content, it has some similarities with Bird Parliament. Each of these desires is discussed first literally, and shown to be absurd, and then it is explained how there is an esoteric interpretation of each one.  Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr [The Conference of the Birds] and Ilāhī-Nāma [The Book of Divine] are among his most famous works. His Qasidas expound upon mystical and ethical themes and moral precepts. Excerpt: "ATTAR, FARID AL-DIN MUHAMMAD B. IBRAHIM.Persian mystical poet. Download with Google Download with Facebook. On the way, many perish of thirst, heat or illness, while others fall prey to wild beasts, panic, and violence. They eventually come to understand that the majesty of that Beloved is like the sun that can be seen reflected in a mirror. Mystic Poet; Born: c. 1110 Nishapur, Persia: Died: c. 1220 (aged 109–110) Nishapur, Persia: Venerated in: Islam: Influences: Ferdowsi, Sanai, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Mansur Al-Hallaj, Abu-Sa'id Abul-Khayr, Bayazid Bastami: Influenced: Rumi, Hafez, Jami, Ali-Shir Nava'i and many other later Sufi Poets: Tradition or genre. The thoughts depicted in `Attar's works reflects the whole evolution of the Sufi movement. The idiosyncrasy of `Attar's presentations invalidates his works as sources for study of the historical persons whom he introduces. Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr or the Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds is a Persian poem by Sufi poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. It adheres to a meter of ten or eleven syllables per line, in rhyming couplets. comment. Today it is the official language of. The starting point is the idea that the body-bound soul's awaited release and return to its source in the other world can be experienced during the present life in mystic union attainable through inward purification. `Attar was a pen-name which he took for his occupation. Create a free account to download. Reviews There … 1: 751-755. Attar. The soul will manifest itself when the body is laid aside. From childhood onward Attar, encouraged by his father, was interested in the Sufis and their sayings and way of life, and regarded their saints as his spiritual guides. Fifty Poems of Attar. He was born in Kadkan, a village near Neishabour in Khorasan Razavi which is in the north-east of Iran. Attar of Nishapur; Attar of Nishapur. Let love lead your soul. Lewis, 2000). Poem Hunter all poems of by Attar of Nishapur poems. Ajouter des informations. Poems by Attar; Sufi Poets; Rumi; Hafiz PDF. or. The Ubuntu Theater Project in Berkeley California premiered an adaptation of Attar's The Conference of the Birds by Sholeh Wolpe, in Oakland, California. Premium PDF Package. Rekisteröityminen ja tarjoaminen on ilmaista. Etsi töitä, jotka liittyvät hakusanaan Attar of nishapur poems tai palkkaa maailman suurimmalta makkinapaikalta, jossa on yli 18 miljoonaa työtä. Farid ud-Din Attar was apparently tried at one point for heresy and exiled from Nishapur, but he eventually returned to his home city and that is where he died. Rumi, as quoted in Fodor's Iran (1979) by Richard Moore and Peter Sheldon, p. 277; God is Eternal … Here in this garden of a lower Eden, Attar perfumed the soul of the humblest of men. In the Book of God (Ilahi-nama) 'Attar framed his mystical teachings in various stories that a caliph tells his six sons, who are kings themselves and seek worldly pleasures and power. Finally, only thirty birds make it to the abode of Simorgh. provided at no charge for educational purposes, http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/show/132284-Edward-FitzGerald-Bird-Parliament--translation-of-.  Attar was a Sunni Muslim..  The people he helped in the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in `Attar and this affected him deeply. He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi.However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now However, what we do know for certain is that Attar practiced the profession of pharmacist and personally attended to a very large number of customers. 147-53, "The Concourse of the Birds", Folio 11r from a Mantiq al-tair (Language of the Birds), The Met, Can Literature Save the World? He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. Profanity : Our optional filter replaced words with *** on this page •, © by owner.  There are many more examples of such subtle symbols and allusions throughout the Mantiq. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. 6 Full PDFs related to this paper. The story is about a king who is confronted with the materialistic and worldly demands of his six sons. 1590–1610), in ink, opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper, dimensions 25,4 x 11,4 cm.. Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr [The Conference of the Birds] and Ilāhī-Nāma [The Book of Divine] are among his most famous works. However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Seljuq period. Attar's masterful use of symbolism is a key, driving component of the poem. Shaykh Fariduddin Attar in words of Allama Muhammad Iqbal.  At the same time, the mystic Persian poet Rumi has mentioned: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train" and mentions in another poem: Attar traveled through all the seven cities of love, While I am only at the bend of the first alley.., `Attar was probably the son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields. In its introduction `Attar mentions three other works of his, including one entitled Šarḥ al-Qalb, presumably the same that he destroyed. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. The piece received its first performance by Saba Orchestra and the vocalist Khatereh Parvaneh at the National Television in Tehran. 24th November 2018. Sourced quotations by the Persian Poet Attar of Nishapur (1142 — 1221) about love, god and soul. Judging from `Attar's writings, he approached the available Aristotelian heritage with skepticism and dislike. Although the contemporary sources confirm only `Attar's authorship of the Dīwān and the Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr, there are no grounds for doubting the authenticity of the Mukhtār-Nāma and Khusraw-Nāma and their prefaces. In the introductions of Mukhtār-Nāma (مختارنامه) and Khusraw-Nāma (خسرونامه), Attar lists the titles of further products of his pen: He also states, in the introduction of the Mukhtār-Nāma, that he destroyed the Jawāhir-Nāma' and the Šarḥ al-Qalb with his own hand. While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. , Mukhtār-Nāma (Persian: مختار نامه), a wide-ranging collection of quatrains (2088 in number). But despite their trepidations, they begin the great journey. At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. The literary historian, Muhammad ‘Awfi, who visited Nishapur around 1200 CE, describes ‘Attar as a pious, withdrawn Sufi and a fine mystical poet. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221; Persian: ابو حامد بن ابوبکر ابراهیم), better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn (فرید الدین) and ʿAṭṭār (عطار, Attar means apothecary), was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. Attar's poetry inspired Rumi and many other Sufi poets. Such knowledge is only brought into his works in contexts where the theme of a story touches on a branch of the natural sciences. The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. When the birds assemble, they wonder why they have no king. His lyric poetry does not significantly differ from that of his narrative poetry, and the same may be said of the rhetoric and imagery. Attar of … , Attar’s most famous poem by far is his Conference of the Birds (Mantiq al-tayr).  One work is missing from these lists, namely the Tadhkirat-ul-Awliyā, which was probably omitted because it is a prose work; its attribution to `Attar is scarcely open to question. The oft-repeated story of ‘Attar meeting young Rumi in Nishapur belongs to the realm of succession myths (F.D. He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. Information about Attar's life is rare and scarce.  In explaining his thoughts, 'Attar uses material not only from specifically Sufi sources but also from older ascetic legacies. The Ghazals often seem from their outward vocabulary just to be love and wine songs with a predilection for libertine imagery, but generally imply spiritual experiences in the familiar symbolic language of classical Islamic Sufism. Attar has roamed through the seven cities of love while we have barely turned down the first street. This paper. منطق الطیر - هفت شهر عشق = Mantiq Al-Tayr = Maqāmāt-uṭ-Ṭuyūr = The Conference of the Birds, Farid ud-Din Attar The Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds (1177), is a celebrated literary masterpiece of Persian literature by poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. ‘Awfi cites examples from ‘Attar’s lyrical poetry but does not comment on his mathnawis (narrative poems). Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. The hoopoe tells the birds that they have to cross seven valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh. Attar of Nishapur (The Newborn) The home we seek is in eternity. `Attar is one of the most famous mystic poets of Iran. A short summary of this paper. Free PDF. Download PDF Package. Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. Farīd ad-Dīn ʿAṭṭār (en persan : فَرید الدّین ابو حامِد محمّد عطّار نِیشابوری, Farīd ad-dīn Abū Ḥāmid Moḥammed ʿAṭṭār Nīšābūrī), parfois surnommé Attar de Nishapur, est un poète mystique persan (v. 1145 - mort entre 1190 et 1229), né et mort à Nichapour (), où se trouve son tombeau. Faridudin Attar (فریدالدین عطار) was born in Nishapur In 1136. Sufi Biography: Faridudin Attar. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist. Folio from an illustrated manuscript dated c.1600. According to Reinert: It seems that he was not well known as a poet in his own lifetime, except at his home town, and his greatness as a mystic, a poet, and a master of narrative was not discovered until the 15th century.  His talent for perception of deeper meanings behind outward appearances enables him to turn details of everyday life into illustrations of his thoughts. Rumi has mentioned both of them with the highest esteem several times in his poetry. Intoxicated By The Wine Of Love, In The Dead Of Night, The Triumph Of The Soul Although his heroes are for the most part Sufis and ascetics, he also introduces stories from historical chronicles, collections of anecdotes, and all types of high-esteemed literature.  He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi. He has often being referred as Farid-ul-Din of Nishapur. In the end, the birds learn that they themselves are the Simorgh; the name “Simorgh” in Persian means thirty (si) birds (morgh). 6 Fifty Poems of Attar Khurasan, the Hanafis and Shafi‘ts. Several musical artists have albums or songs which share the name of his most famous work, Conference of the Birds, as well as the themes of enlightenment contained therein. In 1990 the opera singer Hossein Sarshar performed this piece as well which its recording is available. The Diwan of Attar (Persian: دیوان عطار) consists almost entirely of poems in the Ghazal ("lyric") form, as he collected his Ruba'i ("quatrains") in a separate work called the Mokhtar-nama. La conférence des oiseaux di Farid Uddin Attar Adattamento teatrale e regia di Jean-Claude Carrière Con Jean-Claude Carrière e Nahal Tajadod Commento … Every year, a number of literati and scholars gathered at the mausoleum of the Persian poet Attar of Nishapur to mark Attar National Day, which was on April 13. + Voir plus. Poem Hunter all poems of by Farid ud-Din Attar poems.  Attar's lyrics express the same ideas that are elaborated in his epics.  According to Annemarie Schimmel, the tendency among Shia authors to include leading mystical poets such as Rumi and Attar among their own ranks, became stronger after the introduction of Twelver Shia as the state religion in the Safavid Empire in 1501. They are sometimes modeled after Sanai. Paintings by Habiballah of Sava (active ca. 8 poems of Farid ud-Din Attar. As sources on the hagiology and phenomenology of Sufism, however, his works have immense value. Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams On translating Attar, Attar in Encyclopedia Iranica by B. Reinert, Deewan-e-Attar in original Persian single pdf file uploaded by javed Hussen, Inscription of Xerxes the Great in Van Fortress, Achaemenid inscription in the Kharg Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attar_of_Nishapur&oldid=998121596, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Articles with dead external links from February 2012, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, R. M. Chopra, 2014, " Great Poets of Classical Persian ", Sparrow Publication, Kolkata (, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:47. His ideas range over the whole spectrum of Persian mysticism and religious philosophy, and his writing paved the way for the triumphs of Rumi and Hafiz. Download Full PDF Package. According to Idries Shah, China as used here, is not the geographical China, but the symbol of mystic experience, as inferred from the Hadith (declared weak by Ibn Adee, but still used symbolically by some Sufis): "Seek knowledge; even as far as China". All Pervading Consciousness; In the Dead of night; Intoxicated by the Wine of Love; Invocation; Looking for your own face; Mystic Silence; The Triumph of the Soul; Why was Adam; Links. "A. J. Arberry, "Sufism: An Account of the Mystics ", Courier Dover Publications, Nov 9, 2001. p. 141, Sholeh Wolpé, "The Conference of the Birds" W. W. Norton & Co, 2017, First edition p. 5, F. Meier, "Der Geistmensch bei dem persischen Dichter `Attar", Eranos-Jahrbuch 13, 1945, pp. According to Edward G. Browne, Attar as well as Rumi and Sana'i, were Sunni as evident from the fact that their poetry abounds with praise for the first two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattāb - who are detested by Shia mysticism. It likely set the stage for later poetry in this style by mystics such as Attar and Rumi.. It was built by Ali-Shir Nava'i in the 16th century. `Attar, along with Sanai were two of the greatest influences on Rumi in his Sufi views. From the movie: Bab'Aziz: The Prince That Contemplated His Soul Full movie can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMJTYz9fEOg Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221) better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. Richard W. Bulliet, The Patricians of Nishapur: A Study in Medieval Islamic Social History, ‘Cambridge (Mass. He composed over forty books mainly in the epic masnavi form of rhyming couplets, his most famous being The Book of God and The Conference of the Birds. 'Attar began The Conference of the Birds (Mantiq al-tair) with an invocation praising the holy Creator in which he suggested that one must live a hundred lives to know oneself; but you must know God by the deity, not by yourself, for God opens the way, not human wisdom. The epic poem is a masnavi, a poetic form invented by the Persians. - Farid ud Din Attar - translation Margaret Smith -. It is said that Rumi actually met Attar when Attar was an old man and Rumi was a boy, though some scholars dispute this possibility.
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